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Links and References


Glover Blackwell, A., Kramer, M., Vaidyanathan, L., Iyer, L. and JOSH Kirschenbaum, J. (2017) ‘The Competitive Advantage of Racial Equity’, Policy Link, October [online]. (Accessed: 17 July 2020)

Chicago Public Schools Race & Equity Working Group (2017). CPS Race & Equity Efforts and Initial Recommendations

Chicago Public Schools (2019). Five-Year Vision.

Jenny Nagaoka, Camille A. Farrington, Stacy B. Ehrlich, and Ryan D. Heath. Foundations for Young Adult Success: A Developmental Framework. Concept Paper for Research and Practice. University of Chicago Consortium on Chicago School Research.

Center for Social Inclusion (2017) What is racial equity [online]. (Accessed: 23 July 2020); SF-CESS (2019) (Accessed:
23 July 2020); Policy Link (2017); Center for Assessment and
Policy Development (2005) Flipping the script: White privilege
and community building
 [online]. (Accessed: 23 July 2020).

John A. Powell, Stephen Menendian, & Wendy Ake, Targeted Universalism Policy & Practice

Gary Singleton, Beyond Random Acts of Equity. The Learning Professional, 39(5), 28–33, 2018.

Anthony S. Bryk & Barbara Schneider, Trust in schools: A core resource for improvement. Russell Sage Foundation, 2002.

Zaretta Hammond, Culturally responsive teaching and the brain: Promoting authentic engagement and rigor among culturally and linguistically diverse students. Corwin Press, 2014.

Julia Bryan & Henry Lynette, A model for building school-family-community partnerships: Principles and process. Journal of Counseling & Development 90, no. 4, 408–420 2012.

Jonathan Travers, What is Resource Equity? A working paper that explores the dimensions of resource equity that support academic excellence. Education Resource Strategies.

Stacey M. Childress, Denis P. Doyle, & David A. Thomas,
Leading for Equity: The pursuit of excellence in the Montgomery County Public Schools. Harvard Education Press, 2009.

Sue Feldman & Ilana Winchester, Racial-equity policy as leadership practice: Using social practice theory to analyze policy as practice. International Journal of Multicultural Education, 17(1), 62–81, 2015.


Aguilar, E. The art of coaching teams: building resilient communities that transform schools. San Francisco, CA: Jossey - Bass.

Atlanta Public Schools Equity Audit. (2016). (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Augenblick, J. G., et al. ‘Equity and Adequacy in School Funding.’ Financing Schools, 7 (3)p 63–78.

Banicki, G.J., and Murphy, G. ‘Evidenced-Based Adequacy Model for School Funding: Success Rates in Illinois Schools.’ Academic Star, 4(8), p 587–597 .

Berne, R., and Stiefel, L. “The Equity of School Finance Systems Over Time: The Value Judgments Inherent in Evaluation.” Educational Administration Quarterly, 15(2), p 14–34.

Bloom, G. and Bloom, G. (2009). Blended coaching: Skills and strategies to support principal development. Moorabbin:. Hawker Brownlow Education.

Boston Public Schools Equity Impact Analysis Tool. (2013). City of Boston. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1989). ‘Ecological systems theory’ in Vasta, R. Annals of Child Development: Vol. 6. London: UK, Jessica Kingsley Publishers. pp. 187–249.

City of Portland’s Equity Budget Tool and Racial Equity Plans. (2017). (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Chicago United for Equity: Racial Equity Impact Assessments.
(2017). (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Eubanks, E. Parish, R. & Smith, D. (1997). ‘Changing the discourse in schools.’ in Hall, P. Race, Ethnicity, and Multiculturalism Policy and Practice. 1. New York: NY, pp. 203–232.

Equity and Diversity Impact Assessments. (2017). Minneapolis Public Schools. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Feldman, S., and Winchester, I. ‘Racial-equity policy as leadership practice: using social practice theory to analyze policy as practice.’ International Journal of Multicultural Education, 17 (1), p 62–81.

Hammond, Z. and Jackson, Y. (2015). Culturally responsive teaching and the brain: promoting authentic engagement and rigor among culturally and linguistically diverse students. Thousand Oaks: Corwin, a SAGE Company.

Heifetz, R., Grashow, A., and Linsky, M. (2009). The practice
of adaptive leadership: Tools and tactics for changing your organization and the world
. Boston: Harvard Business Press.

Gorski, P. ‘Avoiding racial equity detours.’ Educational Leadership, April. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Great Lakes Institute Policy Equity Analysis Tool. (2019). (Accessed: 12 May 2020).

James, D. Budget Equity Assessment Tool. (2016) Office of Equity and Human Rights - City of Portland. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Justice, K.R. Applying the Racial Equity Tool Webinar. Government Alliance on Race and Equity. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Ladson-Billings, G. ‘From the achievement gap to the education debt: understanding achievement in U.S. schools.’ Educational Researcher, 35 (7), p 3–12.

Lipman, P. ‘The landscape of education “reform” in Chicago: neoliberalism meets a grassroots movement.’ Education Policy Analysis Archives, 25(54), p1–31. [online] (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Metropolitan Center for Research on Equity and the Transformation of Schools. (2016) ‘Educational equity audit for the school district of Palm Beach County: final report’, [online]. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Nadel-Hayes, S. Systems Equity Reform: Results-Based Budgeting Task Force. Oakland Unified School District. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Oakland Unified School District Impact Assessment Results-Based Budgeting. OUSD. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Oaks, B. ‘Equity assessment tool pilot completion.’ City of Austin Memorandum. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Olsson, J. (1997). ‘Detour-spotting for white anti-racists’, Racial Equity Tools [online] (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Osta, K. & Vazquez, H. ‘Implicit bias and structural inequity.’ National Equity Project. [online]. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Payne, C. (2008) So much reform, so little change: the persistence of failure in urban schools. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Press.

Peters, G. (2016). ‘How We Can Bridge the Culture Gap: stages of change outline a path toward equity’. The Learning Forward Journal, 37(5) [online]. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Powell, A. A. ‘Post-racialism or targeted universalism.’ Denver University Law Review, 86, p 785–806.

Powell, J., Menendian, S, & Ake, W. (2019). ‘Targeted Universalism: Policy & Practice.’ Haas Institute for a Fair and Inclusive Society. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Preuss, P. (2003) Root cause analysis: school leader’s guide to using data. New York: Routledge.

Racial and social equity assessment tool for farm to school programs and policy.’ National Farm to School Network, [online]. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Racial equity impact assessment toolkit.’ Race Forward, 7 Dec. 2015. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Racial equity tools: glossary.’ (2019). [online]. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Racial equity toolkit to assess policies, initiatives, programs, and budget issues’, Seattle Government (2012). (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Ramos, S. F. ‘Building a culture of solidarity: racial discourse, black lives matter, and indigenous social justice’. Michigan State University [online]. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Developing risk and opportunity framework’. University of Chicago. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Roderick, M., Nagaoka, J., Coca, V., & Moeller, E.. ‘From high school to the future: making hard work pay off.’ UChicago Consortium on School Research, 1–88.

Sen, A. ‘Markets and freedom: achievements and limitations of the market mechanism in promoting individual freedoms’. Oxford Economic Papers. 45 (4).

Singleton, G. E., & Walker, W. ‘Courageous conversations about race.’ Encyclopedia of Diversity in Education.

Snowden, D. J., & Boone, M. E.‘A leader’s framework for decision making.’ Harvard Business Review, 85 (11), 68.

Steele, C. (2011). Whistling Vivaldi and other clues to how stereotypes affect us and what we can do. New York: Norton

Stovall, D. ‘Against the politics of desperation: educational justice, critical race theory, and Chicago school reform’. Critical Studies in Education.

Sue et. al. ‘Racial microaggressions in everyday life’, American Psychologist, 62(4).

The American Planning Association. (2009). ‘Planning for equity policy guide.’ [online]. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Travers, J. ‘What Is Resource Equity?’ Educational Research Strategies, 2018. [online]. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Transforming the educational experience of young men of color.’ College Board: Advocacy & Policy Center [online]. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

UIC Hardship Index Fact Sheet. (2016). Great Cities Institute. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Weissglass, J. ‘Constructivist Listening for Empowerment and Change.’ The Education Forum, 54 (4).

Verstegen, D. A. ‘Vertical Equity, Adequacy and Wisconsin School Finance Policy.’ Educational Considerations, 29(2) [online]. (Accessed: 12 May 2020)

Wijeyesinghe, C. L. and Jackson, B. W. (2001). New perspectives on racial identity development: a theoretical and practical anthology. New York: University Press.

Yosso, T. J. ‘Whose culture has capital? A critical race theory discussion of community cultural wealth’, Race Ethnicity and Education, 8(1), p 69–91.

This downloadable PDF includes the Equity Framework and interactive worksheets.

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